It is striking how similar science is today to what religion was in Medieval times. Science is the way of understanding the world and ourselves. We pour vast resources into scientific research, and we have come to expect science to come up with definitive answers to our questions. Scientists in the 20th century have become as professionals, entrusted with important tasks — a far cry from scientists in 17th and 18th centuries.
This starting point underlies my general thinking about science. How precisely does science explain the world? What role do human interests play in it? To what extent has the professionalisation of science been desirable? In this way, my research in general philosophy of science aims to contribute to traditional debates (explanation, causation), as well as to consider more neglected questions (how should the scientific community be organised, what are the role of human pragmatic interests).
I’m also led to focus in particular on evolutionary theory, which (arguably) more than any other scientific theory, has pushed us to reconceive of human nature and of ourselves. I’m particularly interested in the fundamental concepts of (1) natural selection and (2) the environment, and I’m working towards drawing out broader implications for (a) evolutionary history, (b) human evolution, and (c) human morality.